Resources

Budget Timetable

Tracking the budget process.

Because the power of the purse is so influential, bills related to the budget process often have a special timetable and set of procedures that apply. The chart below gives an overview of that process for each state. Check with the legislature for details if you have a special interest in budget appropriations.

State Budget Timetable
Alabama According to the Budget Isolation Amendment, the Legislature must approve the state's budget before introducing any other Legislation. Therefore, the Governor presents the Legislature with the budget on the opening day of each regular session. The Alabama fiscal year begins in October.
Alaska State agencies prepare their budgets during the summer and fall. The Office of Management and Budget receives all agency budgets in October. The Governor submits a state budget to the Legislature by December 15.
Arizona Agencies must have their individual budgets submitted to the Governor by September 1. The Governor must submit a budget proposal to the Legislature in January. The Legislature adopts the budget between January and April.
Arkansas State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in July. Hearings are held throughout August. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature between September and December. The Legislature must adopt the budget between January and April.
California Each agency submits budget requests to the Department of Finance in the fall, with the Governor submitting a budget proposal to the Legislature by January 10. The Legislature must then review modify, and approve the budget bill by June 15.
Colorado State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor between August 1 and 15. Following the budget submissions, the agencies conduct hearings which last until September. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature on November 1. The Legislature adopts the budget in May.
Connecticut State agencies must submit their budget requests in September; the Governor submits a proposal to the Legislature in February. The Legislature must adopt the biennial budget in May or June.
Delaware State agencies submit their budget requests in August. Then the Delaware Economic & Financial Advisory Council (DEFAC) projects the entire state budget during the following months. The Budget Office holds hearings in November. The Governor's Office defines the state's budgetary priorities in December, followed by the Governor's state of the budget address in January. The Joint Committee on Finance conducts hearings in February and March and votes on the budget in May. The Legislature must approve a budget by June 30. The Governor signs the budget on July 1 (the first day of the fiscal year).
District of Columbia Each fall, the D.C. Council passes a budget submission requirements resolution that establishes the date by which the Mayor must submit the proposed budget for the next fiscal year. Every spring, after the Mayor submits the proposed budget and financial plan, Council committees review the request for each of the agencies under their purview. Upon Council approval, the budget is forwarded to the Mayor, who may sign or veto the Council’s budget. In the past, once agreement was reached between the Mayor and the Council, the budget was adopted and transmitted to the President of the United States for submission to Congress for final approval. Pursuant to the Local Budget Autonomy Amendment Act of 2012, which was approved by District voters in a referendum in April 2013, the Home Rule Act was amended to allow the District to budget its local funds without the need for active Congressional approval. Although some parties have questioned the legality of these amendments, neither Congress nor the courts have taken action to repeal or overturn them.
Florida State agencies submit legislative budget requests in August and September. The Governor's budget recommendations are submitted in December. Under the General Appropriations Act, the budget must be passed, approved, and signed by the Governor in April or May.
Georgia State agencies submit their budget requests by September 1. The Governor presents a budget during the first week of the legislative session (which begins the first Monday in January). The Legislature adopts the budget in March.
Guam The Governor directs the preparation and administration of the Executive Budget for the government on an annual basis. The Budget Process occurs in four essential phases: formulation, adoption, execution, and audit. This process is normally completed by late June.
Hawaii State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in September and hold hearings in November. The Governor submits a proposal to the Legislature in December. The Legislature adopts the biennial budget in April.
Idaho State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in September. The Governor submits a proposal to the Legislature and the Legislature adopts the budget in March.
Illinois State agencies submit their budget requests in the fall to the Bureau of Budget. The budget is then prepared and submitted by the Governor to the Legislature on the third Wednesday in February. The fiscal year is from July 1 to June 30. The budget requires a 3/5 vote for approval if it is not passed by May 31.
Indiana State agencies submit their budget requests in August and the Governor submits a proposal to the Legislature in January. The Legislature adopts the biennial budget in April.
Iowa On October 1, state agencies submit their budget proposals to the Governor. Then, the Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in January. The Legislature adopts the budget in either April or May.
Kansas State agencies submit budget proposals to the Governor in October. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in January. The budget is adopted by the Legislature in May.
Kentucky The Governor must propose the budget by the fifteenth legislative day of each year. A balanced budget must be completed by legislative adjournment on April 15 in even years.
Louisiana State agencies must submit their budget requests by October or November. The budget must be ready for the legislative session, which begins in March. After being amended and passed in the Legislature, the budget must be signed by the Governor by June.
Maine State agency budget requests are due by September 1 of even-numbered years. The Governor presents a budget to the Legislature in January of odd-numbered years. The biennial budget must be approved by the Legislature by June.
Maryland State agencies submit their budget requests during the summer to the Department of Budget and Management. The budget is then submitted to the Governor in December. The budget is usually approved by the eighty-third day of the 90-day session (approximately mid-April).
Massachusetts State agency budget requests are submitted by the fall. The Governor's budget recommendation must be received by the House in the third week of January. The House Committee on Ways and Means meets in March and the Senate Committee on Ways and Means meets in May to consider the budget. A conference committee meets in May and June. The budget should be finalized by July 1 (the beginning of the fiscal year) but technically the committee has until July 31 (the adjournment of the formal session) to finalize all budget proposals.
Michigan The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in January. The Senate and House Committees on Appropriations review the proposal. The appropriations bills are considered and passed in April by the first chamber and in early June by the second chamber. Differences between the two chambers are resolved in a conference committee. The final budget action is usually completed by the first week of July. The fiscal year runs from October 1 to September 30.
Minnesota State agencies must submit their budget requests to the Governor by October 31. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature on the fourth Tuesday in January. The Legislature adopts the biennial budget in May.
Mississippi State agencies submit their budget requests by August 1. The Governor submits a budget proposal by November 15 and the Legislature submits its proposal shortly afterwards (the deadline is December 15). All appropriations bills must be passed by the end of the 90-day legislative session, which begins on the first Tuesday in January. Each individual appropriations bill for each agency is passed by the Legislature and signed by the Governor. The State General Fund Budget, a compilation of all the appropriations bills for the fiscal year, is published in one volume after the session.
Missouri State agencies send their budget requests to the Governor in October. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in January. The Legislature adopts the budget in April or May.
Montana State agencies submit budget requests to the Governor in May or on September 1. Montana utilizes an Executive Planning Process (EPP) for proposals to provide new services, change program services, or alter funding sources. The May budget request submission deadline reflects this process which is linked to the regular budget within the September 1 request submittal. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in January. The biennial budget is adopted by the Legislature in April.
Nebraska State agencies submit budget requests to the Governor in September. The Governor submits a proposal to the Legislature in January. The biennial budget is adopted by the Legislature in April.
Nevada State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in September. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in January. The Legislature adopts the biennial budget in June.
New Hampshire State agencies must submit their budget requests in October. The Governor submits a budget proposal in February. The Legislature adopts the biennial budget in May.
New Jersey State agencies submit their budget requests in October. The Governor submits a budget to the Legislature in January and the budget is adopted in June.
New Mexico State agencies submit their budget requests by September. The Governor submits a budget proposal in January and the Legislature adopts the budget in February or March.
New York The Governor's Budget Division is responsible for putting together and proposing the budget. The proposed budget is submitted and referred to the Senate Committee on Finance and the Assembly Committee on Ways and Means for negotiation and approval. Theoretically, the budget process should be completed by April 1 (the beginning of the fiscal year); however, this has not happened in the past 14 years. Therefore, continuing appropriations are approved until the new budget is completed and passed. The budget is usually completed sometime in July.
North Carolina State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in August. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in February. The Legislature adopts the biennial budget in June.
North Dakota State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in June and July. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in December. The Legislature adopts the biennial budget between January and April.
Ohio State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in September and October. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in February. However, submission is delayed until mid-March for new governors. The Legislature adopts the biennial budget in June.
Oklahoma State agencies submit their budget requests in October. The Governor submits a budget proposal on the first Monday in February. The Legislature adopts the budget on the last Friday in May.
Oregon State agencies submit their budget requests in September. The Governor submits a budget proposal in January. The Legislature adopts the biennial budget between January and June.
Pennsylvania State agencies submit their budget requests in October to the Governor. The Governor must submit a budget proposal on the Tuesday of the first full week of February (a newly-elected Governor has until the first full week of March). The Legislature reviews the budget proposal and must pass a budget by the beginning of the new fiscal year (before July 1).
Puerto Rico The budget is considered early in the calendar year.
Rhode Island State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in October. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in February. The Legislature adopts a budget in June.
South Carolina State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in October. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in January. The Legislature adopts the budget in June.
South Dakota State agencies submit their budget requests in September. The Governor submits a budget proposal in December. The budget is adopted by the Legislature in March.
Tennessee State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in October. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in January. The budget proposal may be submitted by March 1 during the first year of a Governor's term. The Legislature adopts the budget in April or May.
Texas State agencies submit their budget requests to both the Governor's office and the Legislative Budget Board. The Governor must propose a budget within the first 10 days of the legislative session. The Legislature then reviews, modifies, and accepts the biennial budget usually by May (the end of the 140-day session). The fiscal year in Texas begins on September 1.
U.S. Virgin Islands The budget timetable for the U.S. Virgin Islands is not available at this time.
Utah State agencies submit their budget requests in September. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in December. The Legislature adopts the budget in February.
Vermont State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in October. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in January. The Legislature adopts the budget in May.
Virginia State agencies submit their budget requests between June and October. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in December. The Legislature adopts the biennial budget in March or April.
Washington The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature by December 20 preceding an odd-year session. Other budgets are submitted 20 days before the start of the session that is to consider the budget.
West Virginia State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in September. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in January. The Legislature adopts the budget in March.
Wisconsin State agencies submit budget requests in September. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in January. The Legislature adopts the biennial budget in June or July.
Wyoming State agencies submit their budget requests to the Governor in September. The Governor submits a budget proposal to the Legislature in December. The Legislature adopts the biennial budget in March.
United States The President usually delivers the budget address in January or February. Congress acts on a concurrent resolution on the budget in the spring of each year. This resolution sets levels of new budget authority and spending, revenue, and debt levels. However, Congress may adopt a later budget resolution that revises or reaffirms the most recently adopted budget resolution. One of the mechanisms Congress uses to enforce projected budget authority and spending, revenue, and debt levels is called the reconciliation process. Under reconciliation, Congress in a budget resolution directs one or more legislative committees to report bills or recommend changes in laws that will achieve the levels of spending and revenues set by the budget resolution. The directions to the committees specify the total amounts that must be changed but leave to the discretion of the committees decisions about the changes that must be made to achieve the required levels. If only one committee has been directed to recommend changes, that committee reports its reconciliation legislation directly to the floor for consideration. If, however, more than one committee has been directed to make changes, the committees report the recommended changes to the Committee on the Budget. That committee then reports an omnibus reconciliation bill to the floor for consideration by the whole Senate or House.