Resources

Bill Signing Deadlines

When a governor must make a final decision.

Once the same version of a bill has passed both chambers of a legislature, the executive must sign or veto the bill within the bill signing deadline. StateScape's tracking system will always let you know when final action has been taken. Being aware of signing deadlines can help you to determine likely timelines for passage of legislation that is significant to your organization.

State Signing Deadline
Alabama The governor must sign or veto legislation within 6 days of transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. If legislation is passed during the last 5 days of the session, the governor must sign or veto it within 10 days of session adjournment, or the legislation is pocket vetoed.
Alaska The governor must sign or veto legislation within 15 days after transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. Legislation transmitted to the governor after session adjournment must be acted upon within 20 days after transmittal (excluding Sunday), or the legislation becomes law without being signed.
Arizona The governor must sign or veto legislation within 5 days of the day after transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. If legislation is transmitted after the session adjourns, the governor must act within 10 days of adjournment (excluding Sunday), or the legislation becomes law without being signed.
Arkansas The governor must sign or veto legislation within 5 days of transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. If legislation is transmitted with less than 5 days left in the session, the governor must act within 20 days of transmittal (excluding Sunday), or the legislation becomes law without being signed.
California The governor must sign or veto legislation within 12 days of the day of transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature. However, if the 12th day is a Sunday or a holiday, the governor has until the next working day to act. The governor has until September 30 to sign or veto legislation in his/her possession on the day the legislature adjourns (usually August 31), or it becomes law without being signed.
Colorado The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days of transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. Legislation transmitted to the governor within the last 10 days of the session must be acted upon within 30 days after the last day of the session, or it becomes law without being signed.
Connecticut The governor must sign or veto legislation within 15 days of transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Delaware The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days after transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. After session adjournment, the governor must act within 30 days of adjournment, or the legislation is pocket vetoed. The governor is given a certain degree of latitude in handling the normal late-session volume of bills. Also, the state Supreme Court recently decided that the session as officially adjourned only after the second year, giving the governor even more latitude.
District of Columbia After the city council has passed a bill, it is transmitted to the mayor for approval. Within 10 business days, the mayor must either sign, veto, or allow the bill to become law without his/her signature. If the bill is not vetoed, it becomes an act and is assigned an act number. After a bill is approved by the council and/or mayor, the new act is sent to the U.S. Congress for a mandatory review period. Congress has 60 legislative days to review proposed changes to the criminal code and 30 legislative days to review other legislation. A legislative day is any day in which one or both houses of Congress are in session. Council-passed measures become law if Congress does not adopt a joint resolution of disapproval, which must be signed by the President. Officially-approved bills have the phrase "law #" indicated in the bill history.
Florida The governor must sign or veto legislation within 15 days of transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Georgia The governor must sign or veto legislation within 6 days of passage (40 days after sine die adjournment), or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Guam The governor has 10 days (excluding Sunday and holidays) to sign a bill after its transmittal. If the governor does not sign the bill, it becomes a law without his/her signature, except at the sine die adjournment of the biennial, when it is considered to be vetoed after 30 days.
Hawaii If the governor receives legislation 10 days before sine die, he/she has 10 days to sign or veto it. If the governor receives the bill within 10 days of sine die, then the governor has 45 days after sine die.
Idaho The governor must sign or veto legislation within 7 days after transmittal (excluding Sunday), or the legislation becomes law without his/her signature. If legislation is transmitted to the governor less than 7 days before adjournment, then he/she must act within 10 days after the date of adjournment (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without being signed.
Illinois Any bill not returned by the governor within 60 calendar days after it is presented to him/her becomes law. If a recess or adjournment prevents the return of a bill, the bill and the governor's objections must be filed with the secretary of state within this 60-calendar day period. The secretary of state must return the bill and the objections to the originating chamber upon the next meeting of the general assembly at which time the bill can be considered.
Indiana The governor must sign or veto legislation within 7 days of transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Iowa The governor must sign or veto legislation within 3 days after transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. Legislation transmitted within the last 3 days of the session must be signed or vetoed within 30 days after the date of adjournment (excluding Sunday), or the legislation is pocket vetoed.
Kansas The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days after transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Kentucky The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days of the day following transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Louisiana The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days of transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature. Legislation transmitted with less than 10 days remaining in the session must be acted upon by the governor within 20 days of transmittal, or it becomes law without being signed.
Maine The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days of transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. If the session adjourns before the signing deadline passes and governor fails to act, the bill becomes law unless returned to the legislature within 3 days after the next meeting of the same legislature.
Maryland The governor must sign or veto legislation within 6 days of transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. Legislation transmitted to the governor within six days of session adjournment must be acted upon by the governor within 30 days of transmittal from the legislature (which has 20 days following adjournment to do so), or it becomes law without being signed.
Massachusetts The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days after transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature. However, if transmittal occurs with fewer than 10 days left in the session, failure of the governor to act results in a pocket veto.
Michigan The governor must sign or veto legislation within 14 days after transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature. However, If the legislature adjourns prior to the end of the 14-day time period, the governor’s failure to act results in a pocket veto.
Minnesota The governor must sign or veto legislation within 3 days after transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. Legislation passed during the last 3 days of the session must be acted upon by the governor within 14 days of session adjournment or it is pocket vetoed.
Mississippi The governor must sign or veto legislation within 5 days after transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. However, if the legislature adjourns prior to the end of the 5-day time period, governor has 15 days to act (excluding Sunday) before the bill becomes law. If the governor vetoes legislation after adjournment, bill must be returned to the legislature within 3 days after the beginning of the next session.
Missouri The governor must sign or veto legislation within 15 days after transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature. If transmittal occurs with less than 15 days remaining in the session, the governor must act within 45 days after the end of session, or the legislation becomes law without being signed.
Montana The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days after transmittal, or the legislation becomes law without his/her signature.
Nebraska The governor must sign or veto legislation within 5 days after transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Nevada The governor must sign or veto legislation within 5 days after the day following transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. If the legislature adjourns at the time of transmittal, the governor must act within 10 days after adjournment (excluding Sunday), or the legislation becomes law without being signed. Bills vetoed after adjournment are returned to the legislature for possible veto override in the next session.
New Hampshire The governor must sign or veto legislation within 5 days after transmittal (excluding Sunday and holidays), or it becomes law without his/her signature. If transmittal occurs after adjournment and the legislation is not acted upon within 5 days (excluding Sunday and holidays), the legislation is pocket vetoed.
New Jersey The governor must sign or veto legislation within 45 days of transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature. If the bill’s chamber of origin is in recess, the 45-day deadline may be extended to the date that the chamber reconvenes. After session adjournment, the governor must act within 7 days after the end of the session, or the legislation becomes law.
New Mexico The governor must sign or veto legislation within 3 days of transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. Legislation transmitted within the last 3 days of the session must be acted upon by the governor within 20 days of session adjournment, or it is pocket vetoed.
New York The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days after transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. Legislation transmitted with fewer than 10 days left in the session must be acted upon by the governor within 30 days after adjournment, or is pocket vetoed.
North Carolina The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days after transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature. If the legislature adjourns for more than 30 days, the governor must act within 30 days after adjournment, or the legislation becomes law without being signed. If the governor vetoes legislation after adjournment, he/she must reconvene the session or the legislation becomes law despite the veto on the 40th day after session adjournment.
North Dakota The governor must sign or veto legislation within 3 days after transmittal (excluding Saturday and Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. If the legislation is transmitted to the governor with less than 3 days remaining in session (excluding Saturday and Sunday), the governor must act within 15 days after transmission (excluding Saturday and Sunday), or the legislation becomes law without being signed.
Ohio The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days after transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Oklahoma The governor must sign or veto legislation within 5 days after transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. If transmittal occurs with less than 5 days left in the session, the governor must act within 15 days of the date of session adjournment, or the legislation is pocket vetoed.
Oregon The governor must sign or veto legislation within 5 days of transmittal (excluding Saturday and Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. For legislation transmitted to the governor within the last 5 days of the session, the governor must act within 30 days of adjournment (excluding Saturday and Sunday), or the legislation becomes law without being signed.
Pennsylvania The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days after transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Puerto Rico The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days after transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature. For bills transmitted after session adjournment, the governor must act within 30 days after the end of the session, or the legislation becomes law without being signed.
Rhode Island The governor must sign or veto legislation within 6 days after transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. For bills transmitted after session adjournment, the governor must act within 10 days of transmittal, or the legislation becomes law without being signed.
South Carolina The governor must sign or veto legislation within 5 days after transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature.
South Dakota The governor must sign or veto legislation within 5 days after transmission (excluding weekends and holidays), or it becomes law without his/her signature. Legislation transmitted less then 5 days before session adjournment must by acted upon by the governor within 15 days of adjournment (excluding weekends and holidays), or it becomes law without being signed. The legislature traditionally, considers gubernatorial vetoes on the last day of its session.
Tennessee The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days of transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Texas The governor must sign or veto legislation within 10 days of transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. For legislation transmitted with less than 10 days left in the session, the governor has 20 days after adjournment to act, or the legislation becomes law without being signed.
U.S. Virgin Islands The governor has 10 days after transmittal of legislation to either sign or veto it. If the governor does not sign the bill, it becomes a law without his/her signature.
Utah The governor must sign or veto legislation within 20 days of passage, or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Vermont There is no set deadline for the legislature to transmit passed legislation to the governor. Once legislation is sent however, the governor has 5 days (excluding Sunday) to act upon it, or it becomes law without his/her signature. If the legislature adjourns, the governor must sign or veto legislation within 3 days of transmittal, or it is pocket vetoed.
Virginia The governor must sign or veto legislation within one month of the last day of the session, or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Washington The governor must sign or veto legislation within 5 days of transmittal (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. Bills transmitted within the last 5 days of the session must be acted upon by the governor within 20 days of adjournment (excluding Sunday).
West Virginia The governor must sign or veto legislation within 5 days of transmittal (excluding Sunday). For bills transmitted after the session adjourns, the governor has 15 days from adjournment to act (excluding Sunday), other than in the case of budget or appropriations bills, in which the governor has only 5 days (excluding Sunday).
Wisconsin The governor must sign or veto legislation within 6 business days after transmittal, or it becomes law without his/her signature.
Wyoming The governor must sign or veto legislation within 3 days (excluding Sunday), or it becomes law without his/her signature. Legislation received by the governor with 2 days or less remaining in the session, must be acted upon by the governor within 15 days after adjournment, or the legislation becomes law without being signed.
United States The President has 10 days after session adjournment to sign or veto legislation.